Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentration of platelets and growth factors created from a small amount of your own blood. These cells are vital for tissue regeneration and repair. Platelets, once thought of being responsible for only clotting, have been proven to be a reservoir of these vital healing components. Increased levels of growth factors have the potential to improve signaling and recruitment of cells for healing.
Stem cells have regenerative power. When these cells are injected into an area that needs healing, your body’s responds by accelerating the process of tissue repair. The type of stem cells involved in tissue repair are called mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The FDA allows us to isolate stem cells from multiple sources including bone marrow and adipose cells. Stem cells are unspecialized cells that have the ability to differentiate into multiple different cell types or to replicate themselves. The ability of MSCs to differentiate into multiple musculoskeletal cell types, release regenerative growth factors, and dampen immune responses holds great promise for treatment of orthopaedic conditions.
Can be utilized for the treatment of:
For PRP, a small amount of peripheral blood is taken from the patient in the office. For stem cell therapy, cells are aspirated from bone marrow or taken from adipose tissue in your midsection through a small incision using a mini liposuction technique. These procedures are usually done in a sterile operating room with light sedation.
After obtaining the appropriate cells from the blood or bone marrow, the cells are placed in a specialized centrifuge to separate the samples into concentrated platelet rich plasma (PRP) or bone marrow aspirate. For adipose tissue, a closed system device is utilized to micro-fragment the fat into an optimal size to allow for injection. The concentrated platelet rich plasma, bone marrow aspirate, or adipose tissue can then be injected, under sterile conditions, into the injured joint or tissue to decrease inflammation and promote healing.
If you have a muscle, tendon injury, ligament injury, arthritis, or localized pain/inflammation, you may be a candidate. If you are not getting the results you need from conservative measures and you want to avoid surgery, PRP or Stem Cell Therapy may provide a solution.
Patients who have active cancer or infection, a history of lymphoma, or are taking certain blood thinners may not be eligible.